Items are summed to give a complete score ranging from 5 (low fulfillment) to 35 (highest satisfaction)

Pleasure Having Life

Lives fulfillment (Diener et al., 1985) “was mentioned into the Satisfaction which have Existence Measure (SWLS), produced by Diener ainsi que al. (1985) and you can adjusted by Juczynski (1999), and that assesses this new cognitive part of SWB. Brand new SWLS includes five products rated from the a good respondent having fun with a beneficial 7-part size, anywhere between ‘firmly disagree’ (1) to ‘strongly agree’ (7). Try situations include “I’m pleased with the fresh standards regarding my entire life” and “So far, I have acquired the main some thing I would like in daily life.” The brand new Polish brand of the SWLS got revealed test-retest precision (0.86), interior feel-Cronbach’s leader (0.81), and you may discriminant legitimacy (upwards 0.50)” (Juczynski, 1999).


The Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (KADS) (Brooks et al., 2003) “is a commonly used screening test used to identify young people at risk for depression. It is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. The KADS consists of six items rated by a respondent using a four-point scale, ranging from ‘hardly ever’ (0) to ‘all of the time’ (3). Validation of the Polish version of KADS in a group of students aged 18–24 years has shown its high reliability and content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the good fit of model to empirical data: SB ? ( 15 ) 2 = , p kinkyads profil arama < 0.001, RMSEA = 0.053, CFI = 0.958, SRMR = 0.029. Factor loading ranged from 0.40 to 0.80. Total score ranged from 0 to 18” (Mojs et al., 2015).

Be concerned

The fresh new Thought Stress Level (PSS) “is the most commonly used mental device to possess measuring the fresh effect regarding stress (Cohen mais aussi al., 1983). It level was created to measure the training to which respondents pick its existence volatile, uncontrollable, and overloading. They spends a ten-item way of measuring the levels that points when you look at the an individual’s lives is actually appraised since tiring. Full measure get try computed by the contrary-rating undoubtedly worded facts after which summing all of the 10 factors. The possibility listing of thinking toward complete level score try 0–40. Claimed accuracy was 0.91 from inside the university and society examples and 0.88 into the a sample that have very early adolescents (Yarcheski and you can Mahon, 1999). This new PSS has been utilized from inside the various options and has been proven to connect to a lot of psychological solutions, together with nervousness and you may depressive symptoms. The fresh Polish kind of new PSS had shown attempt-retest reliability (0.72), interior feel-Cronbach’s alpha (0.86)” (Juczynski and you will Oginska-Bulik, 2012).

Create Validity

To assess to have authenticity help, correlations had been computed between the RS?fourteen as well as the satisfaction-with-life level SWLS, plus with the around three subscales of one’s depression scale KADS and with the Perceived Be concerned Level (PSS) on take to off young adults and also in brand new decide to try regarding the group with unique needs. Email address details are shown inside the Table six.

To start with, as expected, lifestyle pleasure are absolutely and you may rather regarding the resilience (RS-14) both in the young people and you can special needs organizations. Next, despair and identified worry (PSS) had been adversely and you will significantly synchronised that have resilience throughout the young people category. Moreover, bad correlations was in fact seen about your dimension-of-anxiety measure KADS (despair, lack of trust, actual exhaustion, feeling of stiffness of lifetime, fears, and you will committing suicide regarding viewpoint). Thirdly, despair try adversely and you will sparingly coordinated with resilience on category which have special means.


Given the impression from strength in the private and you will social development off teens, and you can given the relevant increasing interest in resilience findings in principle and exercise, it current investigation was impelled so you’re able to statement related validation analytics having fun with new tips of Scale RS-14 (Wagnild, 2009a) when you look at the Polish people off young adults. That it methodological lookup checked out the concept of resilience of the verifying brand new RS-fourteen which have an average people away from teens (aged 13–17 age) and you will teenagers (age 19–27 many years) and you may secondly of the investigating validation in the example of young adults which have special requires and you may socially maladjusted offenders who will be when you look at the academic, healing, probation facilities (old 13–18 decades). It’s been not having to date, and this that it lack will bring service to have diagnostics in this field both in Poland and also in upcoming internationally look concerning your RS-14 (discover Desk seven).